Using an arthroscope, orthopedic surgeon can repair torn meniscus (Meniscectomy), torn or damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), swollen (inflamed) or damaged lining of the joint (synovium), kneecap (patella) that is out of position (misalignment), small pieces of broken cartilage in the knee joint, removal of Baker’s cyst or some fractures of the bones of the knee.
If your knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury and is hard to perform simple activities, you may want to consider total knee replacement surgery. Most knee pain is caused by just three types: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis.
There are four basic steps to a knee replacement procedure:
– Prepare the bone
– Position the metal implants
– Resurface the patella
– Insert a spacer